Mount Carmel is a wooded mountain range, triangular in shape, and 13 miles long, which projects into the Mediterranean Sea at Haifa. The mountain rises from the sea so sharply that the rapidly raising air deposits its moisture as rain or dew. Thus the mountain is lush year-round.  Only a catastrophic drought would cause Mount Carmel to turn brown and wither. From ancient times, altars to strange gods were erected here. In Elijah’s time, it was the main center of Baal worship – hence the epic confrontation.

Teaching Logistics

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Bible Reference

  • 1 Kings 18:19-46
    Elijah confronts and kills the prophets of Baal.
  • Isaiah 35:3
    Isaiah uses Mount Carmel as a symbol of beauty, fruitfulness, majesty, and glory.
  • Isaiah 33:9; Amos 1:2; Nahum 1:4
    God’s judgment on land is indicated when Mount Carmel withers.

Devotional Application

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