The Dead Sea is approximately 45 miles long, 11 miles wide, and 1,350 feet below sea level, making it the lowest point on the earth’s surface. The Jordan River flows into the north side, but there is not outlet in the south – this causes a buildup of minerals, including salt. The salinity of the Dead Sea is 10 times that of the ocean and makes it the most floatable body of water in the world. The northern two-thirds of the Dead Sea is extremely deep (1,200 feet), while the southern third is extremely shallow (20 feet). A strip of land called the Lisan cuts across the Dead Sea from the east, dividing the two sections. If water was not being channeled into the south for mineral mining, the southern third of the sea would now be dry.
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- Genesis 18-19
God destroys Sodom and Gomorrah.
- Numbers 34:3, 12
God identifies the Dead Sea as the Promised Land's eastern border.
- 1 Samuel 22:3-4
David crossed the sea at the Lisan.
- 2 Chronicles 20
The Transjordan armies cross the Lisan to launch a surprise attack on Jehoshaphat from Ein Gedi.
- Joel 2:20
God promises to push the northern army into the Mediterranean and Dead Seas.
- Ezekiel 47:8-12
Ezekiel prophesies a time when the Dead Sea will be fresh water and fishermen will line the shore.